Evolution of Bodybuilding

Sergio Oliva


SergioOliva1Sergio Oliva (July 4, 1941 – November 12, 2012) was a bodybuilder known as “The Myth”. This name was arguably given to him by bodybuilder/writer Rick Wayne but Oliva himself has doubted this claim. Supposedly Wayne had begun calling Oliva “The Myth” “(because everyone who saw him at the 1967 Montreal World’s Fair said he was “Just unbelievable”)”

Oliva was born in Cuba on July 4, 1941. At 12, he worked with his father in the sugar cane fields of Guanabacoa. When Oliva was 16, his father suggested that he enlist in Fulgencio Batista’s army. In the absence of a birth certificate, the recruiting officer took the senior Oliva’s word that his son was old enough to enlist in the fight against communism.

After losing the war to Fidel Castro, Oliva stayed local and took to hanging out at the beach. There, he met a fellow sun worshipper, who invited him to the local weightlifting club. After just six months of training Oliva was doing clean and jerks with over 300 lb and totaling 1000 lb in the three Olympic lifts at a bodyweight of 195 lb, considered a middle-heavyweight.

In 1962, the National Weightlifting Championship for Cuba was won by Alberto Rey Games Hernandez; Sergio Oliva took second place. Because Games received an injury, Oliva was chosen to represent Cuba at the 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games hosted in Kingston, Jamaica.

During his stay in Jamaica, Oliva snuck out of his quarters while the guards were distracted. He ran at top speed until he was safely inside the American consulate. Arriving breathlessly, he demanded and received political asylum. Soon, 65 other Cuban nationals followed him, including Castro’s entire weightlifting team and their security guards. Soon afterward, Oliva was living in Miami, Florida, working as a TV repairman.

Sergio-Oliva-02In 1963 Oliva moved to Chicago, Illinois. There he worked at a local steel mill and began working out at the Duncan YMCA. Working 10-12 hour days at the steel mill and putting in another 2.5–3 hours at the gym gave Oliva very little time for anything else.

Soon the bodybuilding grapevine was abuzz with gossip about a Cuban powerhouse who lifted more than any of the local Olympic champs. Oliva won his first bodybuilding competition the Mr. Chicagoland contest in 1963. Then he was successful again at the Mr. Illinois in 1964 but he lost in 1965 at the AAU Jr. Mr. America winning 2nd place even though he won the trophy for “Most Muscular”.

In 1966, he won the AAU Jr. Mr. America and again he claimed the trophy for “Most Muscular”. He then joined the International Federation of BodyBuilders IFBB in which he won both the professional Mr. World and Mr. Universe Contests. In 1967 he won the prestigious Mr. Olympia contest, making him the undisputed world champion of bodybuilding.

Oliva then went on to win the Mr. Olympia title three years in a row, at 5 feet 10inches and at a contest weight that went from 235lbs up to his most massive at 255lbs. Oliva’s 1968 Mr Olympia win was uncontested. A Guinness World Record that stands to this day. In 1969 he won his 3rd consecutive Mr Olympia by beating a Mr Europe, Mr International and Four time Mr Universe winner Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Arnold tells of their first encounter in his 1977 autobiography ‘Arnold the Education of a Bodybuilder’. “Then for the first time, I saw Sergio Oliva in person. I understood why they called him the Myth. It was as jarring, as if I’d walked into a wall. He destroyed me. He was so huge, he was so fantastic, there was no way I could even think of beating him. I admitted my defeat and felt some of my pump go away. I tried. But I’d been so taken back by my first sight of Sergio Oliva that I think I settled for 2nd place before we walked out on the stage… I never like to admit defeat, but I thought Sergio was better. There were no two ways about it.”sergio_oliva3

However, Schwarzenegger won his first Mr. Olympia title by edging the Myth the following year with a score of 4-3 when Joe Weider switched judges at the very last minute. Oliva was banned from competing in the 1971 IFBB Mr Olympia because he competed in the 1971 NABBA Mr Universe. This was extremely controversial because Schwarzenegger had competed for this very same contest the year before and without Sergio being a 3 time Olympia winner to challenge Arnold, many felt that the contest was fixed.

“I’d coasted to my second title as Mr.Olympia, in Paris in 1971. The only possible challenger had been Sergio-nobody else was in my league-and he’d been barred from the contest because of a dispute between federations.”
Oliva was permitted to simply guest pose at the 1971 Mr Olympia at an incredibly massive bodyweight of 255lbs. After this setback Oliva was fiercely determined to beat Arnold Schwarzenegger and prove once and for all that he was the world’s greatest bodybuilder. In 1972 under the High Intensity Training (HIT) of Arthur Jones the legendary designer of Nautilus training equipment Oliva challenged Schwarzenegger for the 1972 Olympia in Essen Germany. By all accounts Sergio was in his all-time greatest shape and completely confident he would regain the Mr. Olympia title at a reportedly super-ripped 250lbs. “But in Essen, it seemed like all the top Bodybuilders turned up at their very best except for me. Sergio was back, even more impressive than I remembered.”

Once again Weider switched the judges at the last minute and Arnold was declared the winner in what is to this day the most controversial bodybuilding contest of all time. “Compared with all of the other Bodybuilders I’ve ever faced, Sergio really was in a class by himself. I was struck by that again the minute we were onstage. It was so hard to look impressive next to him with those incredible thighs, that impossibly tiny waist, those incredible triceps.

After being disqualified from the 1973 IFBB Mr International that Sergio actually won, he severed all ties with the Joe Weider controlled IFBB and continued competing for other world bodybuilding federations.

Oliva05He won the World BodyBuilding Guild (WBBG)Mr Galaxy in 1972 & 1973, the WBBG Mr Olympus in 1975, 1976 & 1978, the WABBA Professional World Championships in 1977 & 1980 and the WABBA Professional World Cup in 1980 & 1981. After a 12 year hiatus from the IFBB, Oliva was invited back to the IFBB and came out of retirement to compete in the 1984 Mr. Olympia. Finishing in a very controversial eighth place, “the Myth” still sported an extremely impressive physique and V-Taper. Although he was not at his best, most bodybuilding experts and media at the time felt that he should have placed in the top five. In 1985 at the age of 44yrs old, Oliva returned for one last attempt at the famed Mr Olympia title. This time he was in incredible shape and most experts and people in the audience felt that he was again denied his rightful Mr Olympia title once again with another 8th place finish.

While Arnold Schwarzenegger dominated the bodybuilding world throughout much of the 1970s, in both media coverage and Olympia wins, most bodybuilding experts and historians still consider Sergio Oliva to have had the undisputed greatest physique of all time.
“Anyone who loves the sport of bodybuilding knows the name of Sergio Oliva, known as ‘the Myth’. I greatly admired him and consider him to be the all-time world’s greatest physique. I saw him in competition many times, including his shows against Arnold. There is no doubt that with his wide shoulders and narrow hip structure he was superior to any other Bodybuilder of his generation. Sergio was not only the most aesthetic bodybuilder on stage but also the biggest… Sergio Oliva is considered by most to be the world’s most genetically gifted bodybuilder… He set a whole new standard for competitive bodybuilding; loved by millions, revered by many and feared by some. He was so huge and extremely proportioned that he used to bring chills to his adversaries. This is how he acquired the name of the Myth.” Robert Kennedy, Best Selling Author, Editor and Publisher of MuscleMag International.

Sergio Oliva facts

  • He served the city of Chicago as a police officer for more than 25 years.
  • In 1986, Sergio survived being shot by his then-wife Arleen Garrett. He sustained 5 bullet wounds.
  • His son, Sergio Oliva Jr, is following in his father’s footsteps into competitive bodybuilding in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Oliva co-starred with Mil Máscaras in a Mexican wrestling movie in 1975 called El Poder Negro (Black Power), in which he played a super-strong dockworker who runs afoul of the local crime syndicate and helps Mil Máscaras to bring them to justice. His co-star was Venezuelan actress and singer Lila Morillo.[5]
  • In 1977, Oliva starred in a second Mexican action film (this time a wrestling/ western hybrid) called Los Temibles (“The Fearful Ones”) aka El centauro negro.
  • The character Biscuit Oliva in the Japanese manga and anime Baki the Grappler was closely based on Oliva’s real-life personality and appearance.
  • Sergio Oliva died on November 12, 2012 from apparent kidney failure, aged 71. His death was the first of any prior Mr. Olympia winners.
  • During his career he won 20 1st place Bodybuilding titles
  • The first non-white athlete to win Mr. America, Mr. World, Mr. International, Mr. Universe, Mr. Olympia.
  • The second bodybuilder to win the Mr. Olympia competition.
  •  The only bodybuilder to ever win the Mr Olympia contest unopposed in 1968, a Guinness World Record that still stands to this day.
  •  The only bodybuilder to defeat Arnold Schwarzenegger in a Mr. Olympia competition. *the largest arm measurements of any Mr. Olympia champion in contest shape, measured on the day of their contest win.
  • The smallest waist measurement of any Mr Olympia champion in history at 27inches at a bodyweight over 235lbs.
  • The only Mr Olympia winner whose thighs measured larger than their waist measurement. 32inch thighs and 27-28inch waist.
  • He maintained a 27-30inch differential between his waist and chest measurements throughout his entire career, at his peak his chest was over 58inches unflexed.
  •  With his extremely massive measurements and unusually small waist Segio Oliva is considered to be the most genetically gifted bodybuilder of all time.

Bodybuilding titles
1963 Mr Chicago – 1st
1964 Mr Illinois – 1st
1964 Mr America – AAU, 7th
1965 Junior Mr America – AAU, 2nd
1965 Junior Mr America – AAU, Most Muscular
1965 Mr America – AAU, 4th
1965 Mr America – AAU, Most Muscular,
1966 Junior Mr America – AAU, Winner
1966 Junior Mr America – AAU, Most Muscular
1966 Mr America – AAU, 2nd
1966 Mr America – AAU, Most Muscular,
1966 Mr World – IFBB, Overall Winner
1966 Mr World – IFBB, Tall, 1st Overall
1966 Mr Universe – IFBB Winner
1966 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, 2nd
1967 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, Winner
1967 Universe – IFBB, Overall Winner
1968 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, Winner Uncontested
1969 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, Winner
1970 Mr World – AAU, Pro Tall, 2nd
1970 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, 2nd
1971 Universe – Pro – NABBA, Tall, 2nd
1972 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, 2nd
1972 Mr Galaxy – WBBG, 1st
1973 Mr International/ Mr Azteca – IFBB, Professional, 1st
1973 Mr Galaxy – WBBG, 1st
1974 Mr International – WBBG, Professional, 1st
1975 Mr Olympus – WBBG, Winner
1976 Mr Olympus – WBBG, Winner
1977 Pro World Championships – WABBA, 1st
1978 Mr Olympus – WBBG, Winner
1980 Pro World Championships – WABBA, 1st
1980 Professional World cup – WABBA, Winner
1981 Professional World Cup – WABBA, Winner
1984 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, 8th
1984 Professional Mid-States Championships – WABBA 1st
1985 Mr. Olympia – IFBB, 8th

Official website: http://www.sergiooliva.com/

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergio_Oliva

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